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Over the years, the agricultural sector in the region has seen high annual growth at 7.5 per cent during 2006-2010, compared with the average rate of just 4.3 per cent nationwide. The region’s agricultural production value reached VND23.3 trillion ($1.12 billion) in 2010, accounting for 13.7 per cent of the country’s total figure and increasing by 44.1 per cent against 2005.
In terms of agricultural cultivation, the Central Highlands takes the lead in coffee output in Vietnam, accounting for up to 93 per cent of the country’s total coffee output. Meanwhile, pepper, tea, cashew nuts, rubber, maize and cassava rank the second, making up 43.2, 20, 18.3, 17, 25.3 and 25.6 per cent, respectively, of the country’s aggregate figures.
Soybean takes the third position, occupying 14.5 per cent of the nation’s total yield. In terms of forestry, the region accounts for 21.8 per cent of the country’s total forest areas with timber volume making up 35 per cent. In addition, the Central Highlands boasts favourable conditions for breeding animals, particularly under the integrated farm, craft development and traditional industry models.
Under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s agricultural development proposal until 2020, the Central Highlands will continue to focus on plantation of strategic crops such as coffee, rubber, pepper, cashews and tea.
By 2020, the region will have some 480,000 hectares of coffee and 18,000ha of pepper while growing additional 100,000ha of rubber, 20,000ha of cashews and 5,000ha of tea to raise the total areas to 280,000ha, 107,000ha and 30,000ha, respectively.
Besides, areas of annual crops such as maize, cassava, soybean and peanuts will be increased to 230,000ha, 100,000ha, 60,000ha and 20,000ha, respectively, by 2020. Meanwhile, by 2020, the Central Highlands plans to have 80,000 buffalos, 1.2 million cows, 2 million pigs and the poultry of 37 million heads. Between now and 2020, the region also targets to plant additional 90,000ha of forests.
Currently, the Central Highlands has 5.4 million hectares of natural land, including roughly 1.6 million hectares of land for cultivation and nearly one million hectares of basalt land suitable for developing strategic crops with high economic values like coffee, rubber and pepper.
The column is cooperated by the MARD’s Investment Promotion Programme