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|In this file photo taken on September 28, 2016, participants gather in the lobby ahead of an informal meeting between members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC, in the Algerian capital Algiers. Global stocks fell September 17, 2020 as markets digested cautious outlooks from central banks, while oil prices rallied again as Saudi Arabia's top oil official called for compliance from other exporters on an OPEC+ production agreement. Though authorities in numerous countries have been recently upgrading their economic forecasts, central banks are warning that a quick, full recovery is far from assured.(Ryad KRAMDI / AFP)|
Last month, ministers of OPEC nations and other major oil producers stuck to an agreement to lower production, underlining that only strict compliance could restore stability to prices sent plummeting by the coronavirus pandemic.
But the cartel has called out laggards, including Nigeria and Iraq, for over-producing and failing to implement their share of the cuts.
"Full compliance is not an act of charity," Saudi Energy Minister Abdulaziz bin Salman said at a video conference of the expanded OPEC+ grouping of crude producing nations.
"It is an integral part of our collective effort to maximise the interest and gains of every individual member of this group."
The minister lashed out at members who were not complying, saying they were bringing "harm to our reputation and credibility" but without naming names.
"Tactics to over-produce and hide non-compliance have been tried many times in the past, and always end in failure," said the minister, half-brother of de facto Saudi ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
"They are damaging not only for those who carry them, but for us all."
At a news conference after the ministerial meeting, the Saudi energy chief went on to tell OPEC+ that "work still needs to be done and I urge you all not to relax the efforts of the past three months".
The cartel took up the same theme in a statement noting that despite "some signs of gradually improving market conditions... the pace of recovery appeared to be slower than anticipated with growing risks of a prolonged wave of Covid-19".
Although more countries around the world are gradually moving out of lockdown, crude consumption has not returned to pre-confinement levels, which were already relatively low.
Under the terms of an agreement in April, OPEC and the so-called OPEC+ pledged to cut output by 9.7 million barrels per day (bpd) from May 1 until the end of June.
The cuts were then to be gradually eased from July, to 7.7 million bpd until December.
But crude prices have stubbornly traded in a narrow range for months, with both the US benchmark, West Texas Intermediate (WTI), and Europe's Brent North Sea contracts hovering around $40 per barrel.
The ministers agreed to extend to the end of the year the compensation period for countries who bust their production quotas.
Brent and WTI crude held on to the two percent jump in market prices seen at the start of the meeting.