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|Shoppers wear facemasks as they walk at a busstop in Manchester, north west England on October 13, 2020, as the number of cases of the novel coronavirus COVID-19 continue to rise. The British government faced renewed pressure on October 13, after indications it had ignored scientific advice three weeks ago for tougher restrictions to cut rising coronavirus infections.(Oli SCARFF / AFP)|
The county of South Yorkshire, which includes the city of Sheffield, will enter into "very high" alert or tier three restrictions from Saturday, the UK government announced.
Under the new rules, many pubs, bars, casinos and other venues will be closed for at least four weeks and residents will be barred from meeting anybody outside their household indoors or in private gardens.
The decision will affect around 1.4 million people, meaning that 7.3 million people -- or 13 percent of England's population -- will now be living under the toughest restrictions.
Similar measures were recently announced for the northwestern cities of Liverpool and Manchester and the county of Lancashire, following a surge in Covid-19 cases there.
Dan Jarvis, mayor of the Sheffield City Region, said South Yorkshire leaders had secured £30 million ($39 million) in government funding to help local businesses affected by the new restrictions, as well as £11 million for public health measures.
Authorities in Manchester however had bitterly opposed measures announced Tuesday for their city, complaining that the cash on offer was not enough to protect low-income workers.
The row threatened to undermine Prime Minister Boris Johnson's strategy of local lockdowns across England, which he hopes will allow him to avoid a repeat of the national stay-at-home order imposed from March through June.
In testy exchanges in the House of Commons on Wednesday, Johnson said areas where additional restrictions are in place were "showing signs of progress".
But opposition Labour leader Keir Starmer questioned when the measures might be lifted.
"Instead of being a solution, tier three is a gateway to weeks and weeks, more likely months and months, of agony from which there's no likely exit," he told MPs.
- 'We cannot repeat this mistake' -
Britain has suffered Europe's worst death toll from coronavirus, with nearly 44,000 deaths within 28 days of a positive test result.
After a summer lull, cases are rising again as in other parts of the continent -- and so are deaths, with 241 reported on Tuesday alone.
Starmer wants a two to three-week national lockdown to coincide with school holidays next week to "break the cycle and bring the virus back under control".
"The prime minister was too slow in the first phase of this pandemic, he's being too slow again, we cannot repeat this mistake," Starmer said.
Johnson, who himself was hospitalised with coronavirus, was accused of failing to take the outbreak seriously until it had swept across the country.
But he insisted a localised approach was "commonsensical" while infection rates varied.
A nationwide shutdown would "involve closing schools, it'd involve shuttering businesses with all the psychological, emotional damage that lockdown of that kind brings", he said.
Devolved authorities in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have all adopted a variation of the temporary "circuit break" shutdown.
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon on Wednesday extended the closure of pubs and restaurants in the centre of the country for a third week to November 2.
"I know all of this is really unwelcome and I know that these restrictions are harsh," she told reporters in Edinburgh.
"We can't rule out that this new approach will entail further extension of existing restrictions, or perhaps even tougher restrictions for all parts of the country."