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|The IDA will provide $125 million to facilitate institutional reforms in Ho Chi Minh City|
The World Bank Board of Executive Directors approved the $125 million credit on May 16, 2019 to assist Ho Chi Minh City in strengthening institutional foundations for sustainable urban development. This is the World Bank’s first budget support operation to a sub-national entity in Vietnam, marking a strategic shift in the bank’s engagement at the subnational level from sector-specific investments to supporting cross-cutting policy and institutional reforms.
The policy programme aims to remove institutional bottlenecks to enable Vietnam’s largest city and economic powerhouse to address some of its most pressing urban governance challenges. As a key growth pole driving economic modernisation and generating 21 per cent of Vietnam’s GDP, the benefits of reforms in Ho Chi Minh City are expected to go beyond the city to the wider economy.
“As an emerging global megacity and commercial hub with significant opportunities, Ho Chi Minh City is also facing a host of serious urban challenges,” said Ousmane Dione, World Bank country director for Vietnam.
“The successful management of rapid urban growth requires effective and integrated urban governance, as well as adequate investment in urban infrastructure and service delivery. Such interventions will have to be met within a constrained fiscal environment, reinforcing the urgent need for efficient resource mobilisation and allocation,” he added.
The policy programme is designed to institute integrated cross-sectoral reforms in areas that are crucial for Ho Chi Minh City’s urban development, including land use planning, fiscal governance, wastewater management, public transport, and economic competitiveness.
The programme is structured around the three pillars of integrated and transparent spatial information for urban management; strengthened management of public assets and liabilities; and enhanced delivery of priority municipal services.
This is the first time a citywide, integrated policy dialogue has been established to facilitate co-ordination among Ho Chi Minh City’s various departments and contribute to the design and timely implementation of critical institutional reforms. The credit is provided by the International Development Association (IDA).