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|The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) has ordered Viet Nam's rice exporters to closely control the quality of rice exported to the US, after some exports were rejected. - Photo danviet.vn|
The ministry has warned that enterprises exporting rice to the US to inspect and carefully assess residues of pesticide to avoid future problems, reported vneconomy.vn.
According to the ministry, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) earlier inspected Viet Nam's rice exports to the US market and found Vietnamese rice had eight active chemical elements that exceeded allowable limits. However, all eight elements were pesticides permitted for use in Viet Nam.
Since then, the ministry has sent a delegation to the US to solve problems related to Vietnamese rice lots being rejected. This incident has created an urgent demand to coordinate lists of pesticides permitted for use in Viet Nam, and also the US, to avoid future rejections.
Meanwhile, the Viet Nam Food Association reported, according to the FDA, that in the first four months of this year 95 containers of Vietnamese rice, or 1,700 tonnes, were returned from the US, including jasmine fragrant rice, jasmine broken rice, brown rice and high-quality white rice.
The US is a potential rice market for Viet Nam, but this market has presented high demands in quality, as well as many technical barriers.
The FDA reported that from 2012 to August 2016 some 412 containers of exported Vietnamese rice, or 10,000 tonnes of rice sent from 16 enterprises, were rejected for hygiene or safety reasons.
Further, Viet Nam's General Department of Customs said that in the first eight months of this year, Viet Nam exported 3.37 million tonnes of rice, earning US$1.51 billion. Also during this period, rice exports fell by 16.6 per cent in volume and 13 per cent in value, year-on-year.
The main export markets for Vietnamese rice in the first eight months included China, with 1.18 million tonnes, Ghana, with 343,000 tonnes, Indonesia, with 359,000 tonnes, and Cuba, with 294,000 tonnes.
The US accounted for a small volume of the total national volume of exported rice, with 22,084 tonnes worth $12.2 million in the first eight months of this year. Rice exports had a strong drop against a volume of 33,000 tonnes, and a value of $18.7 million in the same period last year.