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Dak Nong enjoys a favourable geographic position allowing easy trade with neighbouring Dak Lak and Lam Dong provinces, which have fairly developed hi-tech agriculture, and Ho Chi Minh City and southeastern localities which serve as a promising, huge agriculture consumer market.
The province has vast agricultural land and advantageous natural and socio-economic conditions which favour the application of hi-tech agricultural production.
Between 2005 and 2010, the province’s agricultural production value grew by an average 7.5 per cent per year. By 2012 the sector’s total productivity surpassed VND5 trillion ($238 million), more than half the province’s GDP.
Agriculture continued at a reasonable growth pace in 2012-2013.
Several major crops have seen exceptional growth in terms of production output in the recent time. Coffee rose from an average 1.5 tonnes per hectare to 2.3 tonnes per hectare in 2013. Corn increased from five tonnes/ha to seven tonnes/ha, and rice from 4-5 tonnes/ha to 5.8-6 tonnes/ha.
Production value per hectare of cultivated land nearly quadrupled from VND15.9 million ($757) per year to VND60 million ($2,857) per year in 2013.
Dak Nong province is looking to develop a comprehensive agricultural system geared towards modernity and sustainability with a high level of competitiveness rooted in hi-tech commodity-based production, as well as to ensure food security and environmental sanitation standards while keeping abreast of adapting to climate change conditions.
Agricultural development is closely linked to industry, services and urban development.
The province has also focused on continuing to improve the lives of people, particularly those in rural or remote areas and ethnic minorities. Other goals are to improve the cultural background and production of farmers, implement national standards of the new countryside model, build a strong socio-economic infrastructure, and further empower the political system to support national defense and security, social order and follow environmental standards.
Dak Nong’s agricultural sector has taken the initiative in selecting suitable crops and livestock for development in specialised areas to meet growing market demands.
Notably, diverse cultivation models in different areas in the province have proven very effective, such as passion fruit production in Dak R’Lap, Tuy Duc, Dak Song, and Dak Glong districts, seedless lemon production in Dak R’Lap and Tuy Duc districts, safe veggie and quality flowers in Gia Nghia town, Dak Mil, Cu Jut, and Krong No districts, and Japanese sweet potato production in Tuy Duc and Dak Song districts.
The agricultural sector also successfully came up with the model of growing cocoa in cashew gardens in Dak R’Lap district, planting palm oil trees in Dak Glong district, and farming green asparagus in Tuy Duc district and citrus fruits in Gia Nghia town, Dak Mil and Dak Glong.
Efforts were also made to ensure sustainable development of cocoa, pepper and coffee production following the 4C UTZ certified process.
At present, Dak Nong is planning a 120ha hi-tech agricultural zone to develop demonstration models, implement scientific research projects and attract scientists and businesses to invest and transfer the latest science and technology achievements to support the province’s development ambitions.
Hi-tech agricultural areas have been established in diverse locations throughout the province and due attention has been paid to spur agricultural production following Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) standards and the application of models for pest prevention to ensure high crop output but also environmental protection.
The farm model has become increasingly popular in respect to seafood and livestock breeding. The planning of aquaculture and livestock breeding areas is closely linked to protecting the environment and bio-safety.
Diverse capital sources have been tapped to promote livestock breeding and seafood development, particularly the implementation of science and technology services in these areas.
Seafood and animal breeding centres were established in a number of districts and local cattle herds continue to be improved with quality crossbred Brahman cows in different locations throughout the province.
To develop agricultural production, apart from state backing and farmers’ efforts, support from businesses is of great importance. Therefore in the coming years Dak Nong will further call on businesses to engage in building seed and animal breeding centres, seafood breeding centres, and dairy farms and processing units.
The province has also called on investment into establishing slaughter houses that use cutting edge equipment and building agricultural processing units through offering attractive land and tax incentive policies.
|Dak Nong offers immense potential
As the southwest gateway to Vietnam’s Central Highlands, Dak Nong plays a crucial role in promoting trade between the Central Highlands and those in the southern key economic zone and south-central coastal provinces.