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|It is estimated Việt Nam’s foreign reserve hit some $67.35 billion. - VNA/VNS Photo|
According to report recently sent by the SBV to the National Assembly’s Economic Committee, SBV said the USD/VND exchange rate and the foreign exchange market was relatively stable while the liquidity of the market was also good in the first four months of the year.
With the additional purchases, it is estimated Viet Nam’s foreign reserve has hit some $67.35 billion, double the level recorded three years ago.
The stability of the forex market has helped the SBV further build up the country’s foreign reserves over the past year. The central bank last year also net purchased $6 billion, according to SBV Governor Le Minh Hung.
Analysts from the Fitch Group’s Fitch Solutions Macro Research also forecast that the ample foreign exchange reserves would help the SBV continue its course of active intervention to ensure currency stability, which suggests the dong is likely to see minimal volatility over the coming months.
Fitch also predicted Viet Nam’s exchange market would remain stable this year, supported by the country’s robust foreign direct investment (FDI), a healthy current account surplus and by the central bank’s active intervention.
“The dong will weaken slightly against the dollar to VND23,700 by the end of the year and average VND23,440 per dollar over 2019, which represents a 1.8 per cent depreciation from the average in 2018,” the analysts said in a recent report.
According to Fitch, the stability is thanks to the country’s robust FDI inflows into the manufacturing sector in 2019, made possible by improved diplomatic relationships combined with the Government’s open-door trade policy, alongside favourable demographics such as the size of Viet Nam’s educated and low-cost labour force.
Viet Nam’s strong economic growth outlook will also continue to attract FDI in the real estate sector as foreign developers look to capitalise on the rising aﬄuence of the population and the desire for physical expansion among businesses. Real estate businesses attracted total FDI of $6.6 billion in 2018, more than doubling the $3.1 billion seen in 2017.
Fitch also forecast Viet Nam’s account surplus would be around 2.1 per cent of GDP in 2019, which represents an expectation for the surplus to narrow slightly from 2.2 per cent in 2018.
Over the long term, Fitch forecast the dong to weaken gradually against the dollar to due to higher inﬂation, but a relatively strong growth outlook is likely to put a ﬂoor under the depreciation of the currency.