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Hanoi - Banks will have to set aside money for potentially unrecoverable COVID-19 affected loans from this year, according to an amended circular drafted by the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV).
Last year, the central bank issued Circular 01/2020/TT-NHNN, allowing banks to avoid making the provisions in 2020 to support banks and borrowers affected by the pandemic.
According to SBV Deputy Governor Dao Minh Tu, the amended circular, which is expected to be issued this month, will support businesses and people with loans, creating conditions for businesses to recover quickly.
However, Tu said, the circular would also regulate provisions on COVID-19 loans to ensure the safety of credit institutions and the national financial system. The provision ratio will fit the financial strength of credit institutions.
The ratio of the provisions is drafted to gradually increase, from 30 percent of COVID-19 affected loans by the end of 2021 to 60 percent by the end of 2022 and 100 percent by the end of 2023.
According to Can Van Luc, the profit growth of banks this year might be only about 10 percent against 20-25 percent in recent years mainly due to the requirement to make provisions for COVID-19 affected loans.
Banks restructured loans worth about 350 trillion VND (15.2 billion USD) for COVID-19 affected borrowers by the end of 2020, Luc said, adding if half of the loans became bad loans, the bad debt ratio of the banking system would increase to more than 3 percent by the end of 2021.
To control the risk of bad loans, banking expert Nguyen Tri Hieu recommended besides actively recovering bad loans, banks must set aside provisions for bad loans and risky loans.
Some banks have already increased provisions for their risky loans.
According to Nghiem Xuan Thanh, Chairman of the State-owned Vietcombank’s Board of Directors, Vietcombank’s bad debt ratio is at 0.61 percent of total outstanding loans, the lowest level among credit institutions and also the lowest in the history of the bank.
The bad debt ratio of State-owned VietinBank had also declined from 1.2 percent in 2019 to below 1 percent in 2020, Tran Minh Binh, General Director of VietinBank, said.
Thanks to the bad debt decrease, the bank increased its provisions from 120 percent to 130 percent of loans. In 2021, VietinBank aimed to keep the bad debt ratio below 2 percent while credit was set to grow at 8-11 percent and profit at 10-20 percent, Bình said.
Leaders of private commercial banks also said the bad debt situation was being improved. Nguyen Dinh Tung, General Director of OCB, said bad debt tended to decrease compared to the mid-2020 period. Enterprises were recovering quite quickly with the pandemic controlled.
It was positive as enterprises were recovering earlier than expected thanks to the central bank’s supporting policies for debt restructuring, helping them overcome the crisis.