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|The industry and trade ministry is drafting an action plan for lowering logistics costs to touch 18 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) by 2020. - Photo nhipcaudautu.vn|
The costs for logistics currently are about 20 to 25 per cent of the GDP, compared with the average rates of seven to 10 per cent in developed countries.
Reducing logistics costs would help prevent wastage of resources and enhance the competitiveness of the Vietnamese economy amid the rapid international integration, the ministry said.
Under the prime minister’s draft action plan for enhancing competitiveness and developing logistics services, which was being discussed for more ideas, the ministry said logistics would be developed as a key service industry of Việt Nam that could meet domestic demand and extend its reach to the regional and global markets.
The logistics services industry will contribute five per cent of the GDP and have a growth rate of 15 to 20 per cent per year by 2020, according to the draft.
Improving logistics infrastructure and the capacity of logistics firms was essential, the ministry said.
The action plan has been developed even as local logistics firms are struggling to compete with foreign rivals.
Multinational logistics firms hold a significant market share in providing logistics services in Việt Nam.
Đỗ Xuân Quang, president of the Việt Nam Logistics Association, said at a recent conference that foreign marine transport firms accounted for just three to four per cent of the logistics firms operating in Việt Nam, but handled more than 80 per cent of the country’s import and export volumes.
Foreign firms are dominant in routes leading to the American and European markets.
Meanwhile, more than 70 per cent of the existing 1,300 domestic firms are of small and medium size, with average capital of about VNĐ7 billion (US$320,000), making it hard for them to compete with multinational companies. They mainly provide services in the local or nearby markets.
However, Quang said the logistics services industry of Việt Nam had significant room for growth, especially with the formation of the Asean Economic Community as well as participation in free trade agreements, which would promote trade and boost demand for logistics services.
In order to promote the development of the logistics industry, the ministry proposed in the draft that the legal framework should be improved, coupled with enhanced infrastructure connectivity to transform Việt Nam into a logistics hub of the region.
In addition, firms must improve their capacity and competitiveness, while paying attention to developing human resources for the logistics sector and applying technologies in operation.