Foreign firms taking control of Vietnamese M&A market

15:56 | 22/12/2017
Out of 19 sectors invested in by foreign firms, processing and manufacturing made up the highest proportion, with $186.1 billion of registered capital, equivalent to 58.4 per cent of $318.72 billion of total investment capital accumulated until the end of 2017. Industrial production is evaluated as an attractive investment channel so far.

A report from the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT) shows significant movements in the industrial sector. The index of industrial production (IIP) increased by an annual average of 7 per cent since 2012. It raised by 9.3 per cent in the first 11 months of this year against the 7.4 per cent in the same period last year.

Accumulated until December 2017, as many as 19 out of 21 sectors received investment from foreign partners. Of these, as much as $186.1 billion flowed into processing and manufacturing industry, accouting for 58.4 per cent of $318.72 billion of the total registered foreign direct investment capital.

Additionally, in 2017, the Vietnamese M&A market saw many deals in the industrial sector, such as those ones between SCG (Thailand) and Vietnam Construction Materials Corporation (VCM), CJ Group (South Korea) and Cau Tre Export Goods Processing JSC, Earth Chemical and A My Gia JSC, Daesang Corporation (South Korea) and Duc Viet Food JSC, and ThaiBev (Thailand) and Sabeco.

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market
VCM's flagship products include Starmax and Starcemt

SCG fully acquires VCM

In March 2017, Siam Cement Group (SCG) acquired 100 per cent of the shareholdings (equivalent to $156 million) from the shareholders of VCM. Thereby, the enterprise value of this transaction was about $440 million, including net debts and additional investment to improve the efficiency of the acquired assets.

VCM was established in 2008, producing cement bearing the brand Starcemt, Starmax, and Starpro, and exports clinkers to Bangladesh, Malaysia, and the Philippines. As of July 2016, it was employing over 300 workers.

VCM has a capacity of 3.1 million tonnes a year. According to SCG, the plant has the potential to be more efficient. After the transaction, the total cement production capacity of SCG in the ASEAN would be 33.5 million tonnes a year, with its Thai-based production capacity at 23 million tonnes.

Earlier, on February 28, SCG’s compatriot Siam City Cement finished the purchase of LafargeHolcim’s 65 per cent stake in cement producer LafargeHolcim Vietnam, becoming the new strategic foreign shareholder in the company, while state-owned Vietnam Cement Industry Corporation (Vicem) holds the other 35 per cent.

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market
Cau Tre JSC has been renamed CJ Cau Tre

CJ Group dominating Vietnamese food sector

In May 2017, the shareholders of Cau Tre Export Goods Processing JSC ratified the decision to change the company’s name to CJ Cau Tre.

Earlier, the then second-biggest shareholder of the company, Saigon Trading Group (SATRA), announced the public auction of a 20 per cent stake in the company. Two subsidiaries of CJ—CJ Foods Vietnam Ltd., and CJ CheilJedang Corporation—bought the stake and raised CJ’s total holding in Cau Tre to 71 per cent.

CJ Cau Tre produces ready meals and frozen food, such as spring rolls, tea, raw meat, and sausages. As its products, such as BBQ sauce, started appearing more aggressively on supermarket shelves in Vietnam, CJ has also been on a roll with its M&As. In early 2016, it bought the Ong Kim kimchi brand.

Recently, another Vietnamese company also changed its name to bear the CJ mark. At the end of April, CJ finished the transaction of $13.4 million to acquire 64.9 per cent of food processing company Minh Dat and changing its name to Minh Dat CJ. Minh Dat has been holding the largest market share for meatballs and fishballs in Vietnam.

$0.66-million A My Gia JSC acquired for $80 million

In March 2017, Earth Chemical—a multi-sector company from Japan—announced spending $80 million to acquire a 100-per-cent shareholding in A My Gia JSC, which focuses on household chemicals. A My Gia JSC was established in July 2006 with $0.66 million of registered charter capital.

In 2014 and 2015, the revenue of A My Gia was $14.5 million and $15.43 million, respectively, while net profit was $1.38 million and $1.62 million.

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market
The Sabeco acquisition has been the biggest deal so far this year

Thai Beverage spends $4.8 billion acquiring Sabeco

In an auction on December 18, 2017, Vietnam Beverage Co., Ltd., a Vietnam-incorporated unit of Thai Beverage, bought 343 million Sabeco shares, equivalent to 53.58 per cent, at VND320,000 ($14.09) apiece. This means that Vietnam Beverage spent VND109 trillion ($4.8 billion) for a controlling stake.

The second buyer in the auction is a Vietnamese individual from Hanoi. He owns 0.003 per cent of Sabeco, after spending VND6.4 billion ($281,600) for 20,000 shares. MoIT still holds 36 per cent of the stakes after the sale.

In a note prior to the auction, analyst Soh Lin Sin from Phillip Securities (Singapore) said that the purchase is in line with Thai Beverage’s goal to boost its presence in the ASEAN. The Thai beer giant recently forked out $742 million to take over two leading beer brands in Myanmar.

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market Thai Beverage wins Sabeco auction

A Vietnamese affiliate of Thai Beverage has bought 53 per cent of Sabeco in today’s auction, together with a Vietnamese individual who owns another 0.003 per cent of Vietnam’s leading brewery.

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market ThaiBev set to buy 51 per cent of Sabeco through Vietnamese unit

Thai Beverage will bid as a domestic investor in the Sabeco stake sale as it aims to dodge the foreign ownership limit in Vietnam's leading brewery.

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market Siam Cement Group acquires construction material company in central Vietnam

SCG Cement-Building Materials Co., Ltd., a member of Siam Cement Group (SCG), has just spent $156 million on buying up the shares of Vietnam Construction Materials JSC (VCM).

foreign firms taking control of vietnamese ma market Korean CJ group teams up with Vietnam on food industry venture

CJ Group from the Republic of Korea has announced that it will cooperate with Saigon Trading Group (SATRA) to expand food trading in Vietnam.


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