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|Farmers in the Đông Anh District of Hà Nội City prepare land for crop cultivation.-VNS Photo Đoàn Tùng|
The tax waiver, provided in a decree signed by Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc at the end of last month, came in for mixed reviews. While many farmers hailed it, others said there were more pressing problems for their sector.
Accordingly, owners – households or individuals – will no longer have to pay tax for the certified agriculture lands in their possession.
According to a report by the Ministry of Finance, total agriculture land in the country reached 26.8 million hectares in 2014, 38 per cent of which – 10.2 million hectares – were subjected to tax under the Agriculture Land Taxation Law. However, tax is now waived for 6.9 million hectares, or 68 per cent of the total taxable agriculture land.
Lê Văn Bảnh, director of the Department of Agro-Fisheries Processing and Salt Production, said 70-80 per cent of farmers in Việt Nam own fields that are less than one hectare wide, so the total amount of collected tax is not considerable. Lifting the tax, on the other hand, will be beneficial to farmers as well as other entities who want to combine fields for large-scale production, he added.
Last year, Võ Trọng Việt, chairman of the National Defence and Security Committee under the National Assembly, said that the actual tax to be waived under the proposed decree would be about VNĐ 34.4 billion a year (US$1.5 million) so it “wouldn’t mean much of a loss to the State budget.”
To put this into perspective, he added, the loss incurred by mismanagement by Trịnh Xuân Thanh when he was at the helm of the State-owned PetroVietnam Construction JSC was tantamount to 30 years of farmland tax.
However, Việt said in conclusion, the tax waive would be meaningful to farmers, encouraging production.
Nguyễn Kim Chuyên, deputy head of the Quyết Thắng Co-operative in the southern coastal city of Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu, praised the recent introduction of many facilitating policies for farmers, including subsidy for irrigation, tax waiver, and low rate loans.
Trần Văn Hoàng, a farmer in Đầm Dơi District of the southernmost province of Cà Mau, was elated. “The expansion of subjects eligible to land tax exemption is welcome. It shows that the Government cares about farmers and creating favourable conditions for them to have a stable livelihood and be more motivated to invest in agriculture,” Hoàng said.
However, regarding unused agricultural land granted to businesses, he urged the Government to either reclaim those land plots or impose a high tax rate on them.
Another farmer, Võ Quan Huy, from the southern province of Long An, however, was not impressed. “While tax exemption is always good, I don’t think it will have a notable impact. In reality, the commune’s government has never been too eager to collect agriculture land tax anyway, since it doesn’t amount to much,” Huy said.
“Nevertheless, the decree still matters to someone who owns many swathes of land like me. I estimate each year, I can save up some dozens of millions of đồng via this tax cut,” he added. He owns some 1,000 hectares of agriculture land, scattered over the southern provinces of Long An, Sóc Trăng, Bạc Liêu, among others, but many of the plots are registered under another person’s name due to land ownership limits, and he wished the Government would focus more on lifting thoser limitations.
Businesses will be more inclined to invest in agriculture
Hồ Xuân Hùng, former deputy minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), head of Việt Nam’s General Council of Agriculture and Rural Development, is also positive about the new provision, calling it “good news for both farmers and those investing or intending to invest in the agriculture sector.”
He assessed that, “production costs will be cut back a bit, and the money saved can be used towards production expansion, developing industrial large-scale agriculture production, reducing risks.”
Nguyễn Đỗ Anh Tuấn, director of the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD), said that currently, Việt Nam’s agriculture sector is facing a range of pressing problems, such as small-scale and scattered production or unpredictable weather and extreme climate events, even issues with legal documents and policy.
"That’s the reason why investment in agriculture is always a risky venture," he said. “A change in policies would prove impactful to production and investment.”
According to an IPSARD survey, 63 per cent of agriculture businesses said they have difficulties gaining access to land; 70 per cent said it’s hard for them to obtain access to credit; and 82.5 per cent said they haven’t been covered by agriculture insurance yet.
Business as a major player leading the agriculture value chain is being increasingly recognised, Tuấn argued. “If we can create an open business environment, developing substantial support policies like ensuring property rights, contractual rights, cutting back on red tape, etc., then businesses will be more interested in the agriculture sector,” he said.
In a country like Việt Nam where agriculture remains a dominant economic factor, more businesses and more investment in the sector will create jobs which benefit the population. For this reason, Tuấn urged the Government formulate more robust policies in the vein of this new tax exemption to incentivise agricultural business.